Social Mobility;
Social stability: is a sociological perspective that states a group always seeks to maintain balance by forcing out ideas and individuals that disagree with popular opinion. This helps keep society in balance and promotes harmonious coexistence. A lack of social stability causes revolution and unrest in the group.

Step of Social Mobilization:
Social mobilization will be initiated by Community Mobilizers or Social Mobilizers. Firstly they should visit the community in the camps and their settlements and establish a rapport. Determine physical boundaries of the settlement with the people. Should assist the community in holding a mass meeting and encourage them to understand the need to organize for collective action. Assist in the formation of Primary Groups in the settlement of clusters of 10 to 15 houses Assist the Groups in camp management and relief distribution. Each group will select a group leader and a secretary to serve for a period to be determined by them Ideally the size of the group should be 15-20 households. The group should discuss amongst themselves and workout their rules of association. Ensure that rules are clearly understood by all group members. Initially the groups would have to meet daily to discuss the most pressing issues and action to be taken. For a community, the appropriate number of groups would be around 20.

Formulation of Community Group:
A group of persons in a community affected by a disaster, who wish to address their common interest of recovery and reconstruction, can form a Primary Group (PG). The main issue of common interest is rebuilding of the homes, but they may have many others e.g. restarting their livelihoods, education, health care, savings and credit, enterprise community infrastructure etc. The purpose of forming a Primary Group is for the group to collectively address these particular issues. Community members who would have been living in neighborhoods with socio-economic affinity, having common interest.

Formulation of Community Development Council (CDC)
After the formation of Primary Group the l (CDC) will be formed in each community The purpose of the CDC is to address the common development issues faced by the entire community All group leaders and secretaries will be the members of the CDC. The members will elect a Chairperson, a Vice-chairperson, a Secretary and a Treasurer for a period to be determined by them The office bearers can be elected through secret ballot or consensus
Either the chairperson or vice-chairperson should be a female member Community Development Council may assign specific tasks to members as and when necessary The Community Development Council should formulate a Constitution for its operation and this should be presented to and accepted by the whole community.
The Community Development Council should apply for registration to the Local Authority or the local level government agency The Community Development Council should open a bank account in a recognized bank with the Treasurer as mandatory signatory and the
Chairperson and Secretary as alternative signatories To establish linkage among the CDCs, and forum can be established at city or district level.

Beneficiary identification:…….
In a disaster or a conflict recovery programme, generally all the affected families are entitled beneficiaries. In this situation one would often find that families who were not affected trying to get into the recovery programme in order to draw on the cash and other benefits that will be provided. Therefore screening becomes important. The government official working at the local level may have the lists from the initial damage assessments. These lists need to be screened by the community in a transparent manner.

The following steps are useful to establish a transparent process:

1. Obtain list of beneficiaries for a community from the Government official who would have been responsible for identifying the initial affected families (Please note that this official may not be from the community and she/he may not have accurate information)

2. Collect copies of Damage Assessment Form from the relevant Government office

3. Verify legitimate beneficiaries by checking where they had been living

4. CDC verification of beneficiaries with community screening i.e. community consultation to ensure that legitimate beneficiaries are included in the programme

5. Finalize beneficiary list after the community screening and bring to public notice

6. Identify missing or vulnerable families who are not on the beneficiary list

7. Consider appeals from beneficiaries who are not selected and take up their case to the relevant authorities
8. Confirm the final list of beneficiaries with the community and the relevant authorities

9. Log beneficiaries into the project database

Note: If the above criteria and the steps mentioned above would be adopted a best social mobilization structure would be established.

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